What is GST in India?

G’ – Goods

‘S’ – Services

‘T’ – Tax

“Goods and Service Tax (GST) is a comprehensive tax levy on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods and service at a national level.

GST is a tax on goods and services with value addition at each stage having comprehensive and continuous chain of set-of benefits from the producer’s/ service provider’s point up to the retailer’s level where only the final consumer should bear the tax.”

point to be noted.

Why GST?




Model of GST

—The dual GST model proposed by the Empowered Committee and accepted by the Centre will have dual system for imposing the tax. GST shall have two components i.e.

  (i) Central GST

  (ii) State GST —Central Excise duty, additional excise duty, services tax and additional duty of customs (equivalent to excise), state VAT entertainment tax, taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling and entry tax (not levied by local bodies)would be subsumed within GST

GST – Salient Features

  • —It would be applicable to all transactions of goods and service. —It to be paid to the accounts of the Centre and the States separately.
  • —The rules for taking and utilization of credit for the Central GST and the State GST would be aligned.
  • —Cross utilization of ITC between the Central
  • GST and the State GST would not be allowed except in the case of inter-State supply of goods.
  • —The Centre and the States would have concurrent jurisdiction for the entire value chain and for all taxpayers on the basis of thresholds for goods and services prescribed for the States and the Centre.
  • —The taxpayer would need to submit common format for periodical returns, to both the Central and to the concerned State GST authorities.
  • —Each taxpayer would be allotted a PAN-linked taxpayer identification number with a total of 13/15 digits.
Chargeability of Tax under GST

—It will be replacement of ED and other taxes.

—There will be two parallel Statutes – one at the Centre and other under the respective State GST Act – governing the tax liability of the same transaction.

—All the items of goods and services are proposed to be covered and exemptions will be granted to few selected items.

—After introduction of GST, all the traders will be paying both the types of taxes i.e. CGST and SGST.

What will be out of GST?

  • —Levies on petroleum products
  • —Levies on alcoholic products
  • —Taxes on lottery and betting
  • —Basic customs duty and safeguard duties on import of goods into India
  • —Entry taxes levied by municipalities or panchayats
  • —Entertainment and Luxury taxes
  • —Electricity duties/ taxes
  • —Stamp duties on immovable properties
  • —Taxes on vehicles


—The taxation of goods and services in India has, hitherto, been characterized as a cascading and distortionary tax on production resulting in mis-allocation of resources and lower productivity and economic growth. It also inhibits voluntary compliance. It is well recognized that this problem can be effectively addressed by shifting the tax burden from production and trade to final consumption. A well designed destination-based value added tax on all goods and services is the most elegant method of eliminating distortions and taxing consumption. Under this structure, all different stages of production and distribution can be interpreted as a mere tax pass-through, and the tax essentially ‘sticks’ on final consumption within the taxing jurisdiction.

—A ‘flawless’ GST in the context of the federal structure which would optimize efficiency, equity and effectiveness. The ‘flawless’ GST is designed as a consumption type destination VAT based on invoice-credit method.

3 thoughts on “What is GST in India?

  1. Deeptisingh says:

    Hard topic Explained in so softly And nicely ..💯👌👌


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